a to z of topics

Use this to access all the topics on the urban design learning space

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Hand-drawn aerial perspective

Hand-drawn aerial perspective shows an imaginary view from the air. The information that it should contain includes:

  • overview of indicative proposals
  • built form and open spaces
  • character of buildings rather than detailed architecture
  • indicative landscape proposals

Click here to access our lesson on Artistic images

Hand-drawn eye-level perspective

Hand-drawn eye-level perspective provide:
  • general character
  • indicative building form without detail
  • a sense of scale between people and buildings

Click here to access our lesson on Artistic images


Today public policy talks a lot about preventing illnesses associated with obesity, sedentary lifestyles and poor diets. There is also a large focus on dealing with mental health problems. Organisations such as the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) recognise that our built environment can play an important part in improving our overall health and wellbeing.

Click here to access our lesson on Social policy objectives

Heritage protection and management

There's been a longstanding alliance between historic conservation and design policies.

In many local authorities, for example, the main design post (often based in the planning department) is also the conservation post. But there are also sometimes perceived tensions between the agendas, and sometimes actual tension (for example when tall building designs are assessed). In reality these tensions tend to come down to how decision-makers balance heritage and other objectives.

Click here to access our lesson on Heritage protection and management

How the elements fit together

Now we are going to look at how some of the elements fit together to influence how the place works.

These relationships are really important to urban design. They create concepts and forms that underpin our thinking about how to design and manage urban areas.

Click here to access our lesson on The individual elements