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Ease of movement

People generally want to live somewhere that has easy access to shops, workplaces, schools, leisure activities and so on. Of course some people relish the idea of living in 'splendid isolation' but they are in the minority. With jobs to do, children to look after, friends to visit, most people want to have transport and amenities within easy reach. Places should be designed to help people get to where they want and need to go easily and, wherever possible, without having to drive.

Click here to access our lesson on Recognising the qualities of good places

East of England Plan

The East of England Regional Assembly (EERA) is the regional planning body for the east of England and has a statutory duty to prepare and implement the Regional Spatial Strategy, known in this region as the East of England Plan. It was published in May 2008, and covers the period 2001 to 2021.

Click here to access our lesson on Regional planning policy


The Government wants parents to have a choice over where their children go to school. In many parts of the country such a choice is non-existent due to demand issues, but despite this, the concept of choice is there.

Click here to access our lesson on Social policy objectives

Elements of the urban realm

Urban design deals with the whole of our urban environment, sometimes called the urban realm. That is, the buildings and spaces that make up towns and cities. Any urban area is made up of different types of spaces and buildings.

Click here to access our lesson on Understanding urban structure

Ensuring you achieve good design

Why good intentions are not enough

"We admire one kind of place … but we constantly build something very different” – Andres Duany

Every time we change part of our environment, even in the smallest way, we have the opportunity to make it better. But often things get in the way of doing what we intended in the first place, or what is best. At the same time we all tend to focus on our own little bit of the bigger picture, it can be really hard to see how our actions can work with, or against those of others.

Click here to access our lesson on Ensuring you achieve good design

Examples and responsibility

How can all these poor examples come about? It is easier to critisise with hindsight than get it right in the first place.

The chances are that they are not any one person’s fault, but there was probably also little or no public engagement or advice from other professionals to inform the decisions that led to them.

Click here to access our lesson on Design principles for streets

Existing and proposed developments

Existing and proposed developments should be identified clearly on drawings. Drawing styles can sometimes merge these two situations closely, making it difficult to assess and compare. The example below has both annotations and graphic treatment to highlight the differences.

Click here to access our lesson on Technical drawings